Baghdad, also spelled Bagdad, Arabic Baghdād, formerly Madīnat al-Salām (Arabic: “City of Peace”), city, capital of Iraq and capital of Baghdad governorate, central Iraq. Its location, on the Tigris River about 330 miles (530 km) from the headwaters of the Persian Gulf, is in the heart of ancient Mesopotamia. Baghdad is Iraq’s largest city and one of the most populous urban agglomerations of the Middle East. The city was founded in 762 as the capital of the ʿAbbāsid dynasty of caliphs, and for the next 500 years it was the most significant cultural centre of Arab and Islamic civilization and one of the greatest cities of the world. It was conquered by the Mongol leader Hülegü in 1258, after which its importance waned. A provincial capital under the Ottoman Empire, Baghdad regained prominence only when it became the capital of Iraq in 1920; over the next half century, the city grew prodigiously and took on all the characteristics of a modern metropolis
Personalities buried in Baghdad
1) Hazrat Uthman Bin Saeed (a.r.) - He was the first of the Chief deputies of the 12th Imam who were in contact with him. He was also a close companion of both the 10th Imam and 11th Imam.
2) Hazrat Mohammed Bin Uthman (a.r) - He was the chief deputy after his father died, and served the 12th Imam for about 50 years.
3) Hussayn Bin Rooh (A.R) - He was the third appointed deputy of the 12th Imam and was a very learned man.
4) Ali Bin Mohammed (A.R) - He was the last of the deputies and received a letter of the 12th Imam before he died telling him that there would be no more deputies after him.
5) Hazrat Qamber (a.r) - He was the slave of Imam Ali(a.s) and was a very good man. After sometime Imam Ali(a.s) made him Azad- Free. Janabe Qamber(a.r.) told Imam Ali(a.s) I will be free only if you promise that as long as I live I will be living at your house and helping you and Ahlul Bait(a.s.).
6) Hazrat Haafiz Mohammed Bin Yaqub Al-Kulayni (A.R) - He was the famous narrator (teller) of traditions (hadith).
8) Grave of Bahlool Dana - Bahlool was originally called Wahab. He was the son of Umroo. He was a student of Imam jaffer-e-Sadiq
(P.B.U.H) but also lived in the rime of Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (P.B.U.H.) He was from the tribe of Bani A aman.
Once Haroon Rasheed (The caliph) was misled into thinking that Imam Musa Al-Kadhim and his companions were going to rise up against him. Imam Musa Al-Kadhim wrote in a letter to his companions in a code form. He wrote one letter jeem. Different companions interpreted it as jalawatan (migration). Bahlool interpreted this as janoon. He started acting insane (janoon) and was named Bahlool Al Majnoon.
9) Grave of Prophet Yousha Bin Noon(pbuh)
10) Grave of Prophet Dhil Kifl(pbuh)